Challenges of Water Users’ Association on Irrigation Governance

A Case Study of Bijayapur Irrigation System


  • Tara Prasad Kharel Nepal Administrative Staff College


Irrigation, Governance, accountability, autonomy, Water User's Assocciation (WUA)


Irrigation governance is one of the important aspects to understand the sustainability of the irrigation system. So, this study tried to provide a clear picture of challenges of Water Users’ Association (WUA) of Bijayapur Irrigation System in irrigation governance. This study involved the in-depth analysis of qualitative data on the basis of common property regime in reference with the selected key elements of good governance. Being case study, only two units namely WUA and irrigation development division are studied. The result obtained by the analysis shows the prevalence of the challenges faced by WUA in irrigation governance. The challenge is more focused on administrative and financial autonomy. The system (including WUA) is not economically autonomous and contains structural and non-structural issues related to the governance of the system. Stakeholders believe to increase irrigation service fee and shift of paradigm of irrigation management transfer principle to co-operative model. Furthermore, it also requires clear policy and legal provision for irrigation governance in changed context.



How to Cite

Kharel, T. P. (2020). Challenges of Water Users’ Association on Irrigation Governance: A Case Study of Bijayapur Irrigation System. South Asian Journal of Policy and Governance, 43(1), 65-88. Retrieved from