Migration, Market and Institution: A Bangladesh Paradox through Gender Lens
This paper explored the multi-layered connections among migration, market and institution, and analyzed the relationship through a gender lens. Taking Bangladesh as a case, the study also discusses different actors and channels involved in the female overseas labor migration process. The study follows a mixed method form of data collection technique, employing both primary and secondary data. Within the theorization of integrative approach and gender theory, the study attempts to understand the female labor migration paradox within a patriarchal and Islamic social setting. The findings point that formal institutions, like market and state, play a major role in female labor migration. Yet, informal institutions, like culture, religion and gender norms and social stigmas often play a stronger role than the formal institutions in determining women’s decision of overseas migration. Unfavorable working environment and fear of exploitation abroad has also an impact on women not to migrate easily. Finally, the study identifies the few gaps to be studied in future research.
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