Old Age Allowance and Adaptive Capacity of Rural Women in the Face of Climate Change in Bangladesh
Keywords:Social protection, Old age allowance, Climate change, Capacity framework, Adaptive capacity
It is often claimed that social protection measures have the potential to reduce vulnerability in the face of climate change shocks. Consequently, this study is an attempt to understand the role of Old Age Allowance Program in enhancing adaptive capacity of elder rural women in the context of such shocks. By adopting the Local Adaptive Capacity (LAC) framework as an analytical tool and employing several qualitative methods, the study reveals that the program has protected this vulnerable group from falling deeper into poverty. However, the institutions that govern access have been captured by local political elites, who decide about favorable treatment to beneficiaries based on their membership and political affiliation. . The program does not promote climate related knowledge and information and lacks forward looking decision-making alignment with climate change inputs, though it has significantly contributed to in promoting psychological well-being of its beneficiaries. This study is expected to contribute to the ongoing debates of mainstreaming climate change with regard to the social protection agenda.
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